Tuesday, October 8, 2019

Introduction


In 1885, when John Shaw Billings started the database which would, over time, morph into PubMed he recognized the hopelessness of trying to keep abreast of the medical literature.  In addition, he was cognizant of how trivial most of what passes for “the literature” is when he wrote:

There is a vast amount of effete and worthless material in the literature of medicine.  Our preparers of compilations and compendiums, big and little, acknowledged or not, are continually enlarging the collection, and for the most part with material that has been categorized as ‘superlatively middling, the quintessential extract of mediocrity.

          Over the past 132 years, the situation has only gotten worse.  Today, the National Library of Medicine (NLM) receives 165 dermatology journals and indexes 57 of them in MEDLINE (searchable via PubMed).  What dermatologist could read all of these even if all one did was pore over skin journals?

We are starting a Virtual Journal Club for Dermatology.  Each month, members will post the one or two (or none) articles they deem most important from their assigned or chosen journals.  The references will be stored here for referral and open-access whenever possible.  The Label field can be used to locate articles of interest to readers.

Please consider joining our Virtual Dermatology Journal Club

Sunday, October 6, 2019

Journals Covered in VJC-Dermatology


Journals and Periodicals Regularly Covered

Dermatology
Australasian J Dermatology
British J of Dermatology
International J of Dermatology
J Investigational Dermatology
JAMA Dermatology
JAAD
Pediatric Dermatology


Non-Dermatological
Australian J of Medicine
Annals of Internal Medicine
BMJ
JAMA
Lancet
NEJM
New York Times

Others when appropriate

Monday, June 18, 2018

Levels of racism: a theoretic framework and a gardener's tale.

by Camara Phyllis Jones

Am J Public Health. 2000 August; 90(8): 1212–1215.

Note:This is one of the key articles on racism in health care and in our society.


Abstract: The  author  presents  a  theoretic framework for understanding racism on 3 levels: institutionalized, personally mediated, and internalized. This framework is useful  for  raising  new  hypotheses about the basis of race-associated differences in health outcomes, as well as for designing effective interventions to eliminate those differences.

She then presents an allegory about a gardener with 2 flower boxes, rich and
poor soil, and red and pink flowers. This allegory illustrates the relationship between the 3 levels of racism and may guide our thinking about how to intervene to mitigate the impacts of racism on health. It may also serve as a tool for starting  a  national  conversation  on racism.Link to Free Full Text.

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Osler's Bedside Library Revisited


Osler's bedside library revisited—books for the 21st century: Personal Views
Sanjay A Pai and Roop D Gursahani. BMJ. 2005 Dec 17; 331(7530): 1482.
Free Full Text. (scroll down to page 4)

Medical education is, in many ways, incomplete. Although we are taught about the science of medicine, most medical school curriculums lack formal teaching on the humanity of medicine. Ethics, history, and philosophy are not taught formally in many schools. William Osler was one of the earliest to realise this, and in 1904 he proposed a bedside library for medical students. 

This is a thoughtful article that is worth reading.  Free Full Text. (scroll down to page 4)

Image from the BMJ article

Heartsink Patients


Heartsink" patients exasperate, defeat, and overwhelm their doctors by their behaviour. A group of such patients was followed up over five years in a general practice, and this paper describes what happened to them. As a group they were often in employment and in stable relationships, though women were over represented. Half the group were subjected to a management plan which seemed to make them less heartsink over the five year period. While heartsink patients often have serious medical problems, they are a disparate group of individuals whose only common thread seems to be the distress they cause their doctor and the practice. Heartsink as a phenomenon has features that are unique to general practice.

T. C. O'Dowd. Five years of heartsink patients in general practice. BMJ. 1988 Aug 20; 297(6647): 528–530.  Free Full Text.

[This is an important article.  We all see these patients.  Some of us groan when we see them on the daily list.  Others may look forward to the challenge.  Heartsink patients may be those who are stuck in a chaos story.  They are not questing and have not achieved restitution (see  Frank, AW.  The Wounded Storyteller).


Friday, June 1, 2018

Death is no longer just in the hands of god or fate, but often a decision

"On 30 October 2017 I had just landed at Heathrow from Melbourne. I had the strangest feeling I should not go directly to bed. I wondered if I should visit my mother, Margaret Black, a 92 year old retired anaesthetist living very independently in a warden assisted housing complex in Kent. At midday I got a call from my sister—mum had developed abdominal pain, pressed the alarm button, and phoned her GP. Could I go?

There is much discussion about the right of an individual to die, but not enough about the role of relatives and friends"  Dr. Black's essay is powerfully resonant with our lives.

Black ME. Death is no longer just in the hands of god or fate, but often a decision.  BMJ. 2018 May 22;361:k2217.
Full BMJ article

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

p53 and Me


Shekinah N.C. Elmore, MD
NEJM May 24, 2018

This is an extraordinary Perspective piece in the New England Journal by a young oncology resident who has the p53  mutation. This is seen in people with Li-Fraumani syndrome.

" A mutation like mine threatens to consume your whole imagination, especially with regards to the future. You start making crazy calculations..."

" Genetic knowledge is power only if both clinician and patient are equipped to move beyond a result and toward action, even if that merely means living well with what we know."

 She feels that people like her need to be studied not just for the data of their genomics but to help build programs for learning to teach people how to live with the uncertainties that their mutations will engender. 

This short essay is has many valuable teaching moments. She says, "I want as many of my days as possible to be untethered to the scans, biopsies and long waiting room sojourns. This is a cry from one who has been there for minimally disruptive medicine.

Introduction

In 1885, when John Shaw Billings started the database which would, over time, morph into PubMed he recognized the hopelessness o...